Adrenal gland diseases are relatively rare. The most common reason for adrenal gland removal is excess hormone production by a tumor located within the adrenal. Most tumors are small, benign growths that usually can be removed with laparoscopic techniques. Adrenal gland removal also may be needed for some tumors that don’t produce excess hormones, such as very large tumors or tumors suspected of being cancerous.
Excess hormone production in the adrenal glands may produce a variety of symptoms. Adrenal tumors associated with excess hormone production include:
Pheochromocytomas : These tumors produce an excess of hormones that can cause very high blood pressure and spells characterized by severe headaches, excess sweating, anxiety, palpitations and rapid heart rate.
Aldosterone-producing tumors : These cause high blood pressure and low serum (blood) potassium levels. The result may be symptoms of weakness, fatigue and frequent urination.
Cortisol-producing tumors : These cause Cushing’s syndrome characterized by obesity (especially of the face and trunk), high blood sugar, high blood pressure, menstrual irregularities, fragile skin and prominent stretch marks. However, most cases of Cushing’s syndrome are caused by small pituitary tumors and are not treated by adrenal gland removal. Overall, adrenal tumors account for about 20 percent of cases of Cushing’s syndrome.
Obstruction & strangulation of intestines
Inguinal Hernia Surgery is the only treatment available & there are two types of Inguinal Hernia surgical procedures
Recovery time is 3-4 days after laparoscopic surgery and about 2 weeks after open surgery.
In the past, open surgery with a six- to 12-inch incision in the abdomen, flank or back was needed to remove an adrenal gland tumor. Today, laparoscopic removal of the adrenal gland (known as “laparoscopic adrenalectomy”) is possible with the surgeon making three or four ¼- to ½ -inch incisions. The surgeon first places a laparoscope – a scope with a light and camera – through one of the incisions. This allows the surgeon to view the anatomy. The surgeon then performs the operation working with long instruments placed through small tubes in the other incisions.