Gastrointestinal Surgery

Following are the surgeries performed related to the gastrointestinal tract:

Pancreaticoduodenectomy Whipple Procedure, or Kausch-Whipple procedure, is a major surgical operation involving the pancreas, duodenum, and other organs. This operation is performed to treat cancerous tumours on the head of the pancreas, malignant tumors involving common bile duct, duodenal papilla, duodenum near the pancreas, and/or pancreatitis with or without definitive cause.

Colectomy consists of the surgical resection of any extent of the large intestine (colon). Some of the most common indications for colectomy are:

  • Colon cancer
  • Diverticulitis and diverticular disease of the large intestine
  • Trauma
  • Inflammatory bowel disease such as ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease
  • Prophylactic colectomy can be indicated in some forms of polyposis, Lynch syndrome and certain cases of inflammatory bowel disease because of high risk for development of colorectal cancer.
  • Bowel infarction
  • Typhlitis
  • Low or ultralow resections for rectal cancer, etc.

Esophagectomy or Oesophagectomy is the surgical removal of all or part of the esophagus. The principal objective is to remove the esophagus, a part of the gastrointestinal tract (“food pipe”)in patients with esophageal cancer.

Hepatectomy is the surgical resection of the liver. While the term is often employed for the removal of the liver from a liver transplant recipient, this article will focus on partial resections of hepatic tissue.