Stomach Ulcer and Acidity

Stomach Ulcer and Acidity

What is Stomach or Peptic Ulcer?

A peptic ulcer, also known as peptic ulcer disease (PUD), is the most common ulcer of an area of the gastrointestinal tract that is usually acidic and thus extremely painful. It is defined as mucosal erosions equal to or greater than 0.5 cm. As many as 70–90% of such ulcers are associated with Helicobacter pylori, a helical-shaped bacterium that lives in the acidic environment of the stomach; however, only 40% of those cases go to a doctor. Peptic ulcer disease refers to painful sores or ulcers in the lining of the stomach or first part of the small intestine, called the duodenum.

What Causes Ulcers?

No single cause has been found for ulcers. However, it is now clear that an ulcer is the end result of an imbalance between digestive fluids in the stomach and duodenum.

What Are the Symptoms of an Ulcer?

An ulcer may or may not have symptoms. When symptoms occur, they may include:

 

  • A gnawing or burning pain in the middle or upper stomach between meals or at night
  • Bloating
  • Heartburn
  • Nausea or vomiting

 

In severe cases, symptoms can include:

 

  • Dark or black stool (due to bleeding)
  • Vomiting blood (that can look like “coffee-grounds”)
  • Weight loss
  • Severe pain in the mid to upper abdomen

 

How Are Ulcers Treated?

If not properly treated, ulcers can lead to serious health problems. There are several ways in which ulcers can be treated, including making changes to ones lifestyle, limiting dairy, taking medication, and/or undergoing surgery.

What is Acidity?

Our stomach produces acid to digest the food that we eat. This is a regular and natural process. Whenever we eat, cells within the lining of the stomach pump acid to liquefy your sumptuous dinner, from mash potatoes to a slab of steak.
Problem occurs when these cells produce large amount of acid, more than your stomach needs. When this happens, you will suffer from stomach acidity. You would know if you were suffering from stomach acidity if you feel a burning sensation just above the stomach, or right below (the hollow part) your breastbone. This is the most classic sign of acidity. Symptoms: Respiratory problems.
Inadequate weight.
vomiting.
coughing.
Turning down food.
Heartburn, chest and stomach pain, gas formation in stomach.

Causes of Stomach Acidity

There are several factors that cause high stomach acid. The factor that most are of a lifestyle and food consumed each day. Factors causing high stomach acid include: Unhealthy Lifestyle
Smoke
Too much consumption of acidic foods and spicy
Like drinking alcohol
Stress
Eat less vegetables and fiber
Lack of drinking water
Drinking a lot of coffee and frequent